'Things' include, animals, places, objects, organisations, ideas, feelings...
.. Proper nouns normally have a capital letter at the start of each word. .. (Sometimes words like 'the' and 'of' do not have a capital letter.)
.. Common nouns are usually simply called nouns. ..
.. .. Proper nouns with more than one word have capital letters on each (important) word. ..
.. Countable nouns have singular and plural forms
.. Meats and cheeses mean different types of meat or cheese, .. but 'ice creams' and 'cakes' mean simply more than one item.
We don't say * Where is the scissors?
Gerunds can have objects and/or adverbials.
Gerunds are nominals even though they are more verbs than nouns. Gerund clauses are noun groups.
.. Noun modifiers in front of a noun usually tell us more precisely the type of thing or person the noun is.